Environment

  • The name of the living planet, Gaia, is not a synonym for the biosphere - that part of the Earth where living things are seen normally to exist. Still less is Gaia the same as the biota, which is simply the collection of all individual living organisms. The biota and the biosphere taken together form a part but not all of Gaia. Just as the shell is part of the snail, so the rocks, the air, and the oceans are part of Gaia. Gaia has continuity with the past back to the origins of life, and in the future as long as life persists. Gaia, as a total planetary being, has properties that are not necessarily discernible by just knowing individual species or populations of organisms living together.

    The Gaia hypothesis, when we introduced in the 1970s, supposed that the atmosphere, the oceans, the climate, and the crust of the Earth are regulated at a state comfortable for life because of the behavior of living organisms. Specifically, the Gaia hypothesis said that the temperature, oxidation state, acidity, and certain aspects of the rocks and waters are at any time kept constant, and that this homeostasis is maintained by active feedback processes operated automatically and unconsciously by the biota. Solar energy sustains comfortable conditions for life. The conditions are only constant in the short term and evolve in synchrony with the changing needs of the biota as it evolves. Life and its environment are so closely coupled that evolution concerns Gaia, not the organisms or the environment taken separately.

    From: Lovelock, J. 1988. The Ages of Gaia: A Biography of Our Living Earth. Bantam Books, New York.

  • By analyzing the results of monitoring and inspection we are able to assess phytopathological and epidemiological trends in each crop and implement the corresponding preventive measures, keeping pests and disease in check while ensuring the sustainable development of Mahota Town.

    Summary

    In Farmers of Forty Centuries or Permanent Agriculture in China, Korea and Japan, F.H. King points out that organic farming had been a tradition in China for thousands of years before being supplanted by mechanization and technologically-advanced methods of agriculture in the 1960’s. In recent years, however, farmers have begun to see the consequences of their actions, and subsequently, the benefit of reintroducing more traditional cultivation techniques. At Mahota Town we strive to reunite heaven and earth, revitalize the soil, observe the natural order and achieve sustainable agriculture, growing fruits and vegetables that are certifiably organic and toxin-free.

    The key to effective pest and disease control is growing fruits and vegetables suited to the terrain and climate, ameliorating the soil, managing crops effectively, and rotating where needed.

    In addition to the above, one must be able to accurately predict phytopathological and epidemiological trends by analyzing reports on epidemics as well as the results of on-site monitoring, implementing preventive measures based on actual conditions, past experience and the behavioral traits of invading pathogens, in this way preventing an epidemic or outbreak before it’s too late.

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